You can spec a record as follows:

(clojure.spec/def ::name string?)
(clojure.spec/def ::age pos-int?)
(clojure.spec/def ::occupation string?)

(defrecord Person [name age occupation])

(clojure.spec/def ::person (clojure.spec/keys :req-un [::name ::age ::occupation]))

(clojure.spec/valid? ::person (->Person "john doe" 25 "programmer"))
;;=> true

(clojure.spec/valid? ::person (->Person "john doe" "25" "programmer"))
;;=> false

At some point in the future, a reader syntax or built-in support for qualifying record keys by the records' namespace may be introduced. This support already exists for maps.